There are many forms of contraception used to prevent pregnancy.
Some can also be used to protect against STIs. Depending on your lifestyle and your needs, there are various ways to prevent pregnancy. It is important to keep in mind different factors like cost, effectiveness, convenience, and side effects.
Here are 7 different forms of contraception to consider.
Condoms are popular because they can protect against both pregnancy and STIs. Their ease to purchase and use, affordability, and effectiveness make them highly popular.
When used correctly, condoms are 98% effective in preventing pregnancy. Risk factors include latex allergies, using past their expiration date, tearing due to improper use, and incorrect lubricant use.
Also known as the morning after pill, emergency contraception can be used in the event of a broken condom, sexual assault, or any other lack of contraception used during sex. It can typically be taken up to five days after sex but is more effective if taken sooner.
Emergency contraception can be purchased over the counter at most pharmacies. People who take an emergency contraception pill may experience side effects like nausea, vomiting, and an early or late period.
Oral Contraceptive Pill
Similarly popular to condoms, oral contraceptive pills are taken once a day to prevent pregnancy. There are a few different types to choose from.
These pills use various hormones to stop ovulation. In addition to protecting against pregnancy, oral contraceptives can be used to treat acne and reduce heavy, painful periods. P
eople who take birth control pills should remember to take them at the same time every day for maximum effectiveness.
Commonly known as IUDs, intrauterine devices are small, T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus. They can contain either hormones or copper as a form of pregnancy prevention.
Depending on the type, IUDs are between 99 and 99.8% effective. They can stay in place for three to ten years. IUDs are popular due to their effectiveness, low maintenance, and long lifespan.
Similar to IUDs, hormonal implants are a highly effective, low-maintenance form of birth control. The implant is used by inserting a small rod-shaped device under the skin in the upper arm.
The device releases hormones to stop ovulation over the course of three years. It is 99% effective.
Surgical sterilization is a form of permanent birth control for both women and men. Many men choose to undergo a vasectomy, a procedure in which the sperm supply is cut off by severing and closing off the vas deferens. Women have a few more choices.
They may opt for tubal litigation, also known as getting your “tubes tied.” Additionally, women can choose to receive a procedure known as hysteroscopic sterilization or a hysterectomy, depending on their needs. In the majority of cases, surgical sterilization is irreversible.
This is a great option for those who don’t want children or who medically cannot risk getting pregnant.
Abstinence, or the avoidance of sex, is the only method of birth control that is 100% effective in preventing pregnancy.
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